Why Mushroom Cannot Be Grown In Cold Places? ( Important Facts )

Have you ever wondered why growing mushrooms in cold places can be such a challenge? The answer lies in the specific environmental conditions that mushrooms need to thrive. Mushrooms have particular temperature requirements, and when it comes to colder climates, meeting these requirements becomes tricky.

In this brief guide, we’ll explore the reasons why mushrooms struggle to grow in cold places and what you can do to overcome these challenges. So, let’s dive into the fascinating world of mushroom cultivation in chilly environments.

The Mushroom Dilemma: Why Cold Places Aren’t Mushroom-Friendly

Mushrooms struggle to grow in cold places primarily because they require specific temperature ranges, typically between 55°F and 75°F (13°C to 24°C), to thrive. Cold environments fall outside this optimal range, hindering their growth. Additionally, cold weather can slow down the decomposition of organic matter, limiting the availability of nutrients for mushrooms. To successfully grow mushrooms in cold regions, one must create controlled indoor conditions, provide appropriate substrates, and ensure adequate humidity and ventilation, addressing the challenges posed by the cold climate.

Why mushrooms cannot be grown in cold places

Have you ever tried to cultivate mushrooms in a chilly environment and wondered why they didn’t thrive as expected? Well, there’s a good reason for that. Mushrooms are finicky organisms with specific environmental needs, and cold places often don’t meet these requirements. In this article, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of mushroom cultivation and explore why it’s a challenge in colder climates.

Temperature Matters

Mushrooms are quite particular about their preferred temperature range. They thrive in environments that are relatively mild and stable. In most cases, the optimal temperature for mushroom growth falls between 55°F and 75°F (13°C to 24°C). Cold places, especially those with prolonged winter seasons, often fall far below this range.

Lack of Sunlight

Unlike plants, mushrooms don’t need sunlight to grow. However, they do require some indirect light for their life cycle to progress effectively. In cold regions, daylight hours can be significantly shorter during the winter months, which may affect the growth and development of mushrooms.

Slow Decomposition in Cold Soils

Mushrooms are decomposers; they play a crucial role in breaking down organic matter. In colder environments, the decomposition of organic material slows down considerably. This is because the microorganisms responsible for breaking down organic matter, including those that mushrooms rely on, become less active in colder temperatures. As a result, the necessary nutrients and substrates for mushroom growth become less available.

Moisture Levels

Mushrooms require consistent moisture levels to flourish. In colder climates, the moisture in the soil tends to freeze, making it inaccessible to the growing mushrooms. Additionally, the dry air in cold places can also hinder mushroom growth by causing desiccation or drying out of the mycelium—the thread-like structure from which mushrooms sprout.

Fungal Competition

In nature, different species of fungi compete for the same resources, including nutrients and living space. In colder climates, certain types of fungi are better adapted to survive and dominate, making it challenging for the specific mushroom species you want to cultivate to thrive.


Mushrooms often follow a seasonal growth pattern, with many species primarily fruiting during specific times of the year. In cold places, this window of opportunity can be even shorter due to harsh winters and delayed spring seasons. Trying to cultivate mushrooms out of season can be an uphill battle.

Lack of Indigenous Mushroom Species

Some mushrooms are adapted to cold climates, such as the cold-loving varieties found in boreal forests. However, these indigenous species have evolved over time to survive and thrive in their specific environments. Trying to grow mushrooms that are not naturally suited to a cold climate can be a challenging endeavor.

How to grow mushrooms in cold places

Have you ever dreamed of cultivating your own mushrooms but hesitated because of your cold climate? The good news is that you can still embark on this fascinating journey, even in chilly regions. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to successfully grow mushrooms in cold places. Get ready to turn your mushroom-growing dreams into reality!

Step 1: Choose the Right Mushroom Species

Your journey begins by selecting the ideal mushroom species that can thrive in colder temperatures. Consider varieties like oyster mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, or wine cap mushrooms. These cold-tolerant options will be your companions in this adventure.

Step 2: Create the Perfect Indoor Environment

To overcome the challenges of cold weather, it’s time to set up your dedicated indoor mushroom-growing space. This could be a basement, garage, or any suitable room. Your goal is to maintain a temperature range between 55°F and 75°F (13°C to 24°C). Use heaters, fans, or air conditioning to regulate the temperature as needed.

Step 3: Prepare the Right Substrate

Mushrooms grow on a substrate, which can be a mixture of materials such as sawdust, straw, or compost. Ensure your substrate is pasteurized or sterilized to eliminate potential competition from other organisms.

Step 4: Inoculate with Mushroom Spawn

Next, it’s time to introduce your substrate to mushroom spawn. Mushroom spawn is essentially mushroom mycelium culture grown on a substrate. You can purchase ready-made spawn or create your own by expanding from a trusted source. Inoculate your chosen substrate by thoroughly mixing it with the spawn to ensure even distribution.

Step 5: Maintain Ideal Humidity

Mushrooms thrive in high humidity environments, and cold regions often have dry air. Counter this by using a humidifier or regularly misting the area to maintain humidity levels at around 90%. Cover your mushroom containers with plastic bags or lids to create a humid microclimate.

Step 6: Provide Indirect Light

While mushrooms don’t need direct sunlight, they do require some indirect light to initiate fruiting. Install fluorescent or LED lights on a 12-hour light/dark cycle to simulate daylight for your mushrooms.

Step 7: Ensure Proper Ventilation

Proper air exchange is essential to prevent the buildup of carbon dioxide and create the perfect conditions for mushroom growth. You can achieve this by using exhaust fans or by manually opening containers or bags at regular intervals to facilitate air circulation.

Step 8: Exercise Patience and Observation

Growing mushrooms is a test of patience. Depending on the species, it may take several weeks or even months for mushrooms to start fruiting. Keep an eye out for signs of growth, such as mycelium development and the emergence of young mushrooms. Be ready to adjust your environment as needed to create the optimal habitat.

Step 9: Enjoy the Fruits of Your Labor

Finally, the moment arrives when your mushrooms have matured and are ready for harvest. Gently cut or twist them off the substrate. After harvesting, store your mushrooms in a cool, humid place, preferably a refrigerator, to extend their freshness.

Mushrooms that cannot be grown in cold places

Have you ever wondered why your mushroom cultivation efforts in a cold climate didn’t yield the results you hoped for? The world of mushrooms is vast and diverse, with each species having its own unique requirements. Unfortunately, some mushrooms are simply not well-suited for cold places. In this article, we’ll take you on a journey to explore some of these mushrooms that struggle to thrive in chilly environments.

Shiitake Mushrooms (Lentinula edodes)

You may have tried to grow shiitake mushrooms, known for their delightful umami flavor, in a cold climate. However, these mushrooms are native to East Asia and are naturally adapted to temperate regions with milder winters. While they can tolerate cooler temperatures, they tend to flourish best in environments with a more moderate climate.

Maitake Mushrooms (Grifola frondosa)

Maitake mushrooms, also known as hen of the woods, are favored for their robust flavor and unique appearance. Unfortunately, they are not particularly cold-tolerant. These mushrooms prefer growing in deciduous forests and can struggle to thrive in colder climates where winters are prolonged and harsh.

Enoki Mushrooms (Flammulina velutipes)

Enoki mushrooms are prized for their delicate, slender appearance and mild flavor. However, they are not well-suited for cold places. These mushrooms thrive in cooler temperatures but still within a range that is milder than what you might experience in extremely cold climates.

Lion’s Mane Mushrooms (Hericium erinaceus)

Lion’s mane mushrooms, known for their unique appearance and potential health benefits, are another example of mushrooms that struggle in cold environments. They typically grow in temperate and subtropical regions and are more adapted to moderate temperatures.

Chanterelle Mushrooms (Cantharellus spp.)

Chanterelle mushrooms are highly sought after by culinary enthusiasts for their delicate flavor. Unfortunately, they are not well-suited for extremely cold climates. These mushrooms tend to thrive in areas with milder winters and are often found in association with specific tree species.

Morel Mushrooms (Morchella spp.)

Morel mushrooms are a gourmet delicacy loved by many. However, they are notoriously finicky when it comes to climate. While they can be found in temperate regions, they typically prefer slightly warmer and more stable temperatures.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, you’ve learned that mushrooms struggle to grow in cold places mainly because they need temperatures between 55°F and 75°F (13°C to 24°C) to flourish. Cold climates fall outside this ideal range, slowing their growth.

To overcome this, you can create a controlled indoor environment, provide suitable substrates, and maintain proper humidity and ventilation. By understanding these challenges and taking the necessary steps, you can successfully cultivate mushrooms even in cold regions.

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